While recording the tradition, interprets their meaning for the tribe.
Attempts to reconstruct past events objectively and accurately.
Uses oral sources with few written documents or lists.
Relies on documents and written records.
Can include several parallel versions of the same story.
Sorts out the conflicting accounts in order to find the single "right" one.
Gives rough approximations of dates and places.
Carefully searches out the chronology and locations.
Relies on fixed types of literary descriptions or motifs.
Tries to get "behind" the literary genres and narrative modes to find out what really happened.
Uses a "common sense" approach that is not dependent on every fact.
Uses all the critical tools and means of information to check sources and their claims.